Broken ankle recovery tips. A fracture has created a crack in the bone. The medical term for bone fracture is a fracture. Causes of a bone fracture:
- too much acting force can cause a bone crack: for example a kick or blow to the ankle during sports or an accident
- pulling so hard on a sinewy tape attached to the bone can cause a piece of bone to tear. The wiry bands run around the ankle from the ankle cusps to the bones of the heel: for example, due to a serious stepping, the foot can be tilted so much inwards that a piece of bone tears off the ankle cuff
- due to a rotation: bones cannot cope well with that
Broken ankle symptoms
For example, after you have been kicked or ankle kicked, there is usually an ankle bruise or sprain. Symptoms that may occur with an ankle bruise or sprain:
- sore ankle, usually on the outside
- swelling at the ankle
- bruising at the ankle
- the swelling takes on a red or blue color
- most pain and swelling is around or below the ankle lump
- after a few minutes, you can stand on your foot again and walk carefully
Symptoms that can occur with a broken ankle:
- your ankle is still so painful after a few minutes that you cannot stand on your foot
- Immediate post-accident swelling develops above or around the ankle lump, with or without bruising
How does a broken ankle arise?
The most common causes of a broken ankle are:
- a big step
- a fall
- uneven terrain due to, for example, sloping sidewalk tiles, lawns
- an unexpected or uncontrolled movement, such as during exercise
- a blow or a kick to the ankle. This is a much less common cause and can happen during sports such as football or hockey
- a traffic accident
- an accident at work
Causes of a fall or a fall are:
Is it serious and what can you expect?
In general, a fracture after six weeks has grown sufficiently to stand on it, without plaster. When the bones are more severely damaged or out of context, surgery is required. Usually a plaster cast, bandage or tape is applied to allow a fracture to heal properly. As a result, the fracture surfaces rest and you can still (carefully) load your foot after a while. In this way, the cure is the fastest and the chance of additional complaints is the smallest.
When to the doctor?
It is a good idea to contact your doctor or go to a hospital’s emergency room immediately if:
- you cannot stand on your foot after a big step or after a blow or kick to your ankle
- this does not improve after a few minutes
- you have a strong suspicion that your ankle is broken, for example, you felt or heard a snap
- you have an abnormal position of your lower leg, ankle or foot
What can you do about it yourself?
- cool your ankle, immediately after the sprain with ice cubes wrapped in a plastic bag wrapped in a towel or with an ‘ice pack’ wrapped in a towel (wrapped in a towel or tea towel to prevent freezing of your skin) Your treating doctor will give you advice on loading and exercising your foot. It is very important to follow this advice carefully because this will cure the fastest and minimize the risk of additional complaints.
- it is wise not to stand on your foot anymore
General advice and precautions
Below are some advice and measures to prevent a sprained or sprained ankle:
- the most important thing is to pay attention to how you put your feet down, especially when you are on unfamiliar or uneven terrain
- it is wise to wear flat shoes with a wide sole
- If you exercise a lot or intensively and often go through your ankle, it may be useful to apply a supportive bandage before exercise. However, this can be at the expense of one’s own feelings. Therefore, consult with your trainer, physiotherapist or doctor. Usually, tape or a Velcro brace is used
- coordination training
Source: Dr. ir. GHR Albers
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