Elbow injury. An elbow injury usually involves an overload of the tendons and/or muscles that attach around the elbow joint. The joint itself can also become overloaded and cause problems. One of the most common injuries of the elbow is the so-called tennis elbow. The tennis elbow is an overload on the adhesion of the muscles that stretch and lift the wrist. Causes of a tennis elbow are:
- to speed up the sports tax
- constantly perform unilateral movements
- constantly strain your muscles
- changing percussion technique
- change of racket, span or track type
Because the tennis elbow is by far the most common elbow injury, this injury is discussed in this information brochure.
Symptoms tennis elbow
You can recognize an elbow injury by:
- pain on the outside of the elbow
- radiating pain towards the wrist, hand, upper arm and shoulder
- pain that already occurs with simple tasks such as shaking hands, washing dishes or pouring water
- pain mainly occurs when hitting a backhand and during service (during squash or tennis)
You can determine the severity of the injury based on how often and for how long you feel the pain in and around your elbow. In the beginning, there is only pain after exertion, which disappears automatically. In later stages, there is also persistent pain at rest.
What can you do about it yourself?
It is important to first determine what type of injury you have sustained. For this, you can go to your doctor or a sports doctor. If the injury is still in the early stages, it is wise to take some extra rest. If the injury is at a further stage, it is even more important to find a responsible way of burdening. The rest is generally not favorable.
The tennis elbow is usually the result of overloading. If you have complaints, it is advisable to reduce the tax. Especially the painful movements you have to do less and more gradually. Furthermore, try to use your arm as normally as possible to prevent it from becoming stiff.
You can also regularly cool the sore with ice. The use of painkillers helps to have less pain. For example, you can start with 500 mg 4 times a day. paracetamol. If this does not help sufficiently, it is best to consult your doctor.
Is it serious and what can you expect?
A tennis elbow is very annoying but it will go away. After a year most people (90%) have had their complaints gone. There are no known treatments that ensure faster healing.
How can you prevent an elbow injury?
You can take a number of measures to reduce the risk of an elbow injury:
- execute a calmly structured training program, don’t overdo it too quickly
- do a sport where the elbow is heavily loaded, make sure you have good technique
- take lessons from a qualified instructor
- ensure good quality of tennis and squash rackets. B
- perform a good warm-up before you start your training and a good cool-down after your training
- do exercises that strengthen the muscles and tendons in the forearm, upper arm, and shoulder