What are aarsmaden?
Aarsmaden (oxyuren) are worms that reside in the gut and reproduce.
Complaints (symptoms) with worms in the stool.
Aarsmaden are white worms. The males are three millimeters, the females about an inch long.
Shortly after bedtime, female worms can leave the intestine via the anus (poop hole) to lay eggs in the area of the anus. This is itching. Young children can be scared and cry.
How do you get worms in the stool?
The infection happens by swallowing eggs. These eggs cannot be seen with the naked eye. When an infected person scratches himself near the anus, eggs come on the fingers.
From the fingers these eggs can end up on door knobs, eating utensils and toys. This way further distribution can take place.
The eggs change into larvae in the small intestine, these move to the large intestine and grow into adult worms.
What can you do about it yourself?
Try to prevent the spread of eggs through hygienic measures. Main measure: do not scratch the anus. This can of course be very difficult for children in particular. After scratching it is best to wash your hands quickly and thoroughly.
Also wash hands after using the toilet, before eating and before preparing food. Use a nail brush when washing hands. Keep the nails short. Get a clean towel on the toilet every day. Use separate washcloths for upper and lower body. Put on clean underpants every day.
Clean doorknobs, toilet seats and toys daily with soapy water. Wash dishes carefully.
You can buy a worm cure at a pharmacy or drugstore. The active substance is called mebendazole. Take a 100 mg tablet and another two weeks later! The first tablet affects the worms that are present at that moment, the second tablet is meant for the worms that have emerged from the eggs. The second tablet is very important. You therefore need two 100 mg tablets for each person.
The dosage for children older than 2 years and adults is the same because the mebendazole remains 90% or more in the intestine and does not end up in the body itself.
Mebendazole is strongly discouraged for children under the age of two and pregnant women. Usually the whole family has to participate, even if only one person is infected.
Is it serious and what can you expect?
Worms in the stool are certainly not serious. The worms that crawl around the poop hole or into the vagina can cause itching. If someone scratches himself violently, irritation or inflammation of the skin can occur.
Large numbers of worms in the intestine can give rise to some abdominal pain, but even then there is no danger to health.
When to the doctor?
Usually it is possible to treat the worms without the help of a doctor. If that does not work, contact your general practice.
Even when worms appear again and again, it is advisable to contact the doctor.
If you go to general practice, try to catch a worm and take it in a jar that helps to make the diagnosis.
General advice and precautions
To prevent infection, hygiene is important. Wash your hands after using the toilet, before eating and before preparing food. Use a nail brush when washing hands. Keep the nails short. Provide a clean towel on the toilet once or twice a week.
Use separate washcloths for upper and lower body. Put on clean underpants every day.
Clean door knobs, toilet seats and toys regularly with soapy water. Wash dishes carefully.
Source : dokterdokter