Absenteeism and incapacity for work

Absenteeism and incapacity for work

Absenteeism and incapacity for work. It is possible that you are temporarily unable to work due to a certain illness or complaint. You report sick to your employer, or to an insurance company if you are self-employed.

Which authorities and persons do you have to deal with when reporting sick? Depending on how long you are not able to work, you will have to deal with the following authorities and people: Absenteeism and incapacity for work.

Absenteeism and incapacity for work

  • employer First of all, of course, you are dealing with your employer to whom you report sick. From the moment you report sick, we speak of absenteeism.
  • GP Many people visit their GP when they have called in sick
  • health and safety service If you are ill for a longer period of time, you will have to deal with the health and safety service. Employers in the Netherlands are obliged to register an employee who is sick with the occupational health and safety service. Depending on the agreements made by your employer with the health and safety service and what is customary at the health and safety service, the health and safety service can
    • make a home visit
    • contact you by phone
    • send a form
    • The health and safety service makes an estimate of the duration of your absenteeism and examines whether there are possibilities to temporarily do other work. The health and safety service will keep in touch with you until you return to work
  • UWV If you are absent for more than thirteen weeks, your employer is obliged to send a message to the UWV (Uitvoeringsinstituut Werknemersverzekeringen). The UWV determines whether, and to what extent, you are incapacitated for work. After the assessment, there will be a statement about which activities you can still perform
  • reintegration company Depending on the decision of the UWV, you may be dealing with a reintegration company. Employees of this company will guide you in finding suitable work, among other things.

There are several types of Absenteeism and incapacity for work. Let’s see what are they.

Short-term absenteeism (1 to 7 days)

Employer If you are ill for a short period, you usually have one or more contact with your employer. This can be about:

  • when you think you will be able to work again
  • possibilities for temporary different work
  • adaptation of your activities

Health and safety service

The health and safety service may contact you. For example:

  • the health and safety service will send you a form on which you fill in information about your sickness notification
  • the health and safety service will call you
  • someone from the health and safety service comes by

 The information that you provide to the health and safety service will not be passed on to your employer. The agreements you have with the health and safety service will be passed on. For example, the date on which you return to work or when you have to contact with the health and safety service again.

Simple complaints

You usually have simple complaints with short-term absenteeism, such as flu or stomach pain. These usually pass by themselves. You do not need to visit your doctor or only once. A visit to www.dokterdokter.nl often gives you sufficient advice. With these complaints, it is important to find out why they have arisen precisely at this time. You often have a temporarily reduced resistance. If your resistance had been sufficient, you might not have had these complaints. Your resistance may decrease, for example, due to a busy period at home or at work. Stress influences your resistance and it can happen that your resistance can no longer cope with a virus at such a time. These are often the times when you get the flu, for example.

Short- term absenteeism 

A separate form of short-term absenteeism is short-term absenteeism. We speak of this when someone reports sick regularly during a certain period. The absenteeism is short-lived. It is known that stress factors play a role, especially with short-term absenteeism. It is important to find out what caused your absence.

  • your absenteeism is work-related If your work plays a role, it is of course best to discuss this at work. You can also always contact the health and safety service. They specialize in providing advice on work-related complaints. Your employer may also want to have a meeting with you. This is intended to discuss factors that give rise to this absenteeism in your work and to work with you to find a solution
  • your absenteeism is not work-related If your absenteeism is not related to your work, you can discuss this with your GP. You can also contact the health and safety service

Medium-term absenteeism (7 to 42 days)

Employer If you are ill for a longer period, you will be in regular contact with your employer. There are no set rules for exactly how this is done. Often the contact is by telephone in the beginning, someone can visit you later. This varies per company, sometimes it even differs within a company. Your employer will discuss with you:

  • when you think you will be able to work again
  • opportunities for other work

 If you are able to drop by at work, do so. Regular visits to work make it easier to return. In this way, the threshold remains low for returning to work. It might be a little strange the first time to be at work without working. It is often nice to see your colleagues.

Health and safety service

The time when the health and safety service contacts you depends on the agreements with your employer. Usually two to four weeks after you have reported sick, you will receive an invitation to come for a consultation with a company doctor or company nurse. They will discuss with you:

  • when you can get back to work
  • possibilities for temporary different work
  • opportunities for adapted work

 The agreements they make with you are usually passed on to your employer. Medical information should only be passed on with your approval. If you think that your complaints are related to your work, it is wise to discuss this with the health and safety service.

The longer your absenteeism lasts, the more extensive the health and safety service will talk to you. The health and safety service wants:

  • gain more insight into your illness
  • gain more insight into the causes of your illness
  • thinking about solutions to be able to resume your work
  • thinking about solutions to promote your recovery

 The employer has the obligation to look for solutions in cases of illness that appear to last longer than 6 weeks. He has made agreements with the health and safety service for this.

Such absenteeism often concerns illnesses or abnormalities that require medical treatment. For example, the prescription of medicines or a specific therapy by the GP. If such a therapy gives no or insufficient improvement after 6 weeks, it makes sense to discuss this with your doctor. Continuing the same therapy for longer is often pointless.

Long-term absenteeism (longer than 42 days)

If you are unable to do your own or other work for more than 42 days, you have often been in contact with your employer several times. It is important to visit work regularly if possible.

Over time, other factors often play a role. “Will it still work?” and “How will they react to work?” are often questions that arise. Some people get used to not working; it is cozy at home and there is no need for much. This is normal for long-term absenteeism. By going to work, you can break this. This will speed up your return.

Your employer will discuss options with you for partially resuming your own or other work. If you see options yourself, you can indicate this at any time. The longer the absenteeism lasts, the more the options for suitable work with another employer must be discussed. From 1 January 2003, an employer is obliged to investigate all possibilities for suitable work, including outside the company.

Health and safety service

You have already been in contact with the health and safety service one or more times and a problem analysis has been made.

Causes of long-term absenteeism The most common causes of long-term absenteeism are:

  • complaints to the musculoskeletal system back, neck, and shoulder complaints
  • psychological complaints: including depression and stress. These complaints often require specialist treatment. It is advisable to review the progress and recovery for yourself after 6 weeks of treatment. In case of insufficient recovery, it is important to discuss this with your doctor or specialist.

Share “Absenteeism and incapacity for work” with others.

Share with...
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •   
  •   
  •  

One comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *