Blood in the eye. A shedding of blood in the whites or blood in the eye also called subconjunctival hematoma, is bleeding under the outer layer of the whites of the eye. Flushes in the whites of the eyes can in principle occur at any age but are most commonly seen in the elderly.
Symptoms of Blood in the eye
A shedding of blood in the eye can be recognized by a red, often round spot in the whites of the eyes. You experience no pain and you can see everything normally. In the majority of cases, the shedding of blood is in the lower part or on the side of the eye. The place is sharply defined, you can clearly see where the shedding of blood ends.
How does a bloodshed occur in the eye?
There are many blood vessels in the conjunctiva, one of the outer layers of the eye. These can break due to an accident or pressure increase, such as pressing, coughing or vomiting. Blood then seeps from the blood vessel into this outer layer of the eye. The body’s coagulation system ensures that bleeding stops quickly. Newborn children may have bloodshed in the eye. This is usually caused by the fact that during pressing, during delivery, the pressure has been very high for a certain time.
Also with the mother herself, a squeezing of the blood can occur in the eye due to pressing during delivery. In some cases, particularly in the elderly, the bleeding may be caused by an underlying condition. High blood pressure (usually long-term) and arteriosclerosis (calcified blood vessels) are examples of this. Regular bleeding into the eye can occur in this group of people. Of course, these bleeding can also occur in accidents involving the eye. Usually, there are also other abnormalities of the eye or the eye socket visible.
Is it serious and what can you expect?
In most cases, a blood-shedding in the eye is harmless and the blood will be taken up again quickly. The place will become lighter and eventually disappear completely after two to three weeks.
When to the doctor?
It is advisable to see your doctor if you regularly have a bleed in your eye and you do not know the cause. There may be an underlying condition that can be treated by your doctor. It is also advisable to visit the doctor when there is pain and you notice that you can see less.
What can you do about it yourself?
You cannot and do not have to do anything yourself if you have a bleed in your eye.
General advice and precautions
In most cases, bleeding into the eye cannot be prevented. A good pressing technique can prevent bleeding during birth.