Bruise called as a shedding of blood. It is a common phenomenon. The medical term for the shedding of blood is a hematoma. Bumps or falls cause subcutaneous bleeding. This leads to a blue-purple stain that usually discolors and disappears after a few days. Women and the elderly are more sensitive to bleeding.
Bloodshed is easy to recognize. Immediately after falling or bumping, a deep blue to purple spot appears on the painful area. This is sensitive to the touch. The size depends on the cause. Sometimes there is also swelling. Falling from a bicycle generally results in larger bruises than knocking on the door handle, for example.
The place gets lighter in the course of the days and can take on all the colors of the rainbow. In most cases, the place has completely disappeared after about a week. Larger bruises can remain visible for a little longer. There are no residual symptoms.
How does bruise occur?
A shedding of blood occurs because small blood vessels in the skin are damaged and leak. The blood accumulates under the skin and then a so-called hematoma is created. After a few days, the blood is broken down and drained by the body.
In some cases, blood spills can occur spontaneously through prolonged use of certain drugs, of which aspirin and blood thinners are the best-known examples.
Such local damage may also have been caused by an insect bite or by prolonged use of sleeping tablets, sedatives, painkillers (aspirin, ibuprofen); these not only inhibit nerve transfer but also somewhat the function of the platelets, which are simply needed to seal off any vascular damage. As a result, bruises quickly develop after a slight bump that you have not even noticed yourself.
Vitamin C deficiency is associated with vulnerable blood vessels. This used to be known as ‘scurvy’, where spontaneous bleeding occurs in areas such as mucous membranes, gums, and skin. Vitamin C deficiency is common in young people with unhealthy eating habits (eating out of the wall, eating sweets) and in elderly people with bad teeth, who puree all food and heat it up again and again.
Children can show bruises as an expression of wild behavior. People must be aware of the consequences of abuse, which they do not dare to talk about.
Is it serious and what can you expect?
A blood-shedding in itself is not serious. The bruise can expand a little the following days and then gradually takes on a green, later a light yellow color and then disappears without residue.
The cause of the blood-shedding, however, can have other consequences in the body. When a bicycle falls, you may also have suffered cuts or breaks in addition to the bruises. These injuries usually catch the eye quickly and are generally treated in time by a doctor.
When to the doctor?
It is advisable to make an appointment with your doctor if you often have large bruises and you cannot remember what caused them. In this case, it is possible that blood clotting does not work optimally for you (such as when using blood-thinning medicines). The doctor can examine this and, if necessary, treat it or have it treated.
What can you do about it yourself?
If you have a bleed, you can’t help it make it disappear faster. You can relieve the pain by cooling the sore spot with cold running water or an ice compress. You can make the latter by wetting half a sanitary napkin and placing it in the freezer. When it has thawed, you can put it against the sore, possibly in a washcloth.
General advice and precautions
Blood shedding is usually unavoidable, accidents are in a small corner.
Bruise called as a shedding of blood
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