Hypospermia is an abnormally low sperm volume during ejaculation. Low sperm means that the semen volume is less than 2 milliliters after three days of abstinence.
Where is sperm produced? Semen consists of sperm cells and fluid. The sperm cells are made in the testicles (testicles). Then the sperm cells move to the epididymis (epidydimis). Then they are stored in the last part of the vas deferens, under the bladder.
During ejaculation (ejaculation), the sperm cells are pushed out through the urethra (urethra). Along the way, fluid is added to the sperm cells through the seminal fluid vesicles and the prostate.
There is about two weeks between the production of sperm and the time they come out during ejaculation. The amount of sperm can vary greatly per ejaculation. It varies from two milliliters to five milliliters.
Hypospermia refers to a condition in which the number of sperm in semen is lower than that of normal fertile men. The International Health Organization stipulates that the sperm of men should not be less than 20 million per milliliter. And it is the normal sperm count. If it is less than 20 million, it is classified as Hypospermia will have a great impact on fertility.
See also, Blood in the sperm
Low sperm count signs in Hypospermia
If you have the impression that the amount of sperm is low (Hypospermia), you can measure this. After three days of not having sex or masturbating, you will collect semen. You can do this in a condom or a jar. You will usually see immediately whether there is enough sperm: more than two milliliters. If in doubt, you can measure the volume. This can be done after about 30 minutes, by sucking it into a two-milliliter syringe. This is available at the pharmacy.
And the other way, After 3-7 days of abstinence, masturbate to get sperm. Routine analysis of semen for more than 3 times shows that the forward movement of sperm (a+b grade) is less than 50% or the sperm with rapid straight forward movement is less than 25%, and the sperm density is greater than 20 ~106/mL, other parameters are normal or basically normal can be diagnosed as Hypospermia. Or 1 hour after ejaculation, sperm viability is less than 50%, laboratory or other auxiliary examinations can find reproductive tract infection, or other diseases that affect sperm viability can be diagnosed as Hypospermia.
Why is my sperm volume low?
Semen consists of 5% sperm cells and 95% moisture. The volume of the semen is therefore mainly determined by the semen fluid. Semen fluid is produced continuously. Causes that Hypospermia, reduce semen production may be:
- if you have a lot of ejaculations. The body then does not have enough time to produce new semen fluid
- if you ejaculate quickly during sex. This is because the body still produces some semen just before an orgasm. The longer this period lasts, the greater the semen volume will be
- through the use of medicines. Certain medications have the side effect of reduced sperm production. Read the package leaflet of your medicines for this
- due to illnesses, for example diabetes mellitus (diabetes) or after prostate surgery. This can prevent little or no sperm from coming. This is called a dry ejaculation (ejaculation)
In addition to congenital Hypospermia and sperm deficiency, the main reasons for the decreased sperm production or abnormal morphology and motility are higher genital temperature, nutritional disorders, tobacco and alcohol damage, drug damage, disease, and testicular damage, etc. In addition to taking medication as prescribed by a doctor, patients with sperm deficiency should strengthen self-conditioning to help recover.
Causes of Hypospermia
There are many conditions that may cause abnormal sperm. The following are common causes for hypospermia. You can do a simple understanding:
1. Reproductive system infection
The internal environment of the reproductive system is very complicated. If infection occurs, sperm motility may be affected in many ways. For example, if the source of infection is mycoplasma, it may be adsorbed on the sperm, increasing its resistance to movement, or destroying the structure of the sperm, both of which will affect the probability of fertilization; and the source of infection can change the pH of semen, once the pH of the semen When the value reaches a critical point or starts to be weakly alkaline, the vitality of sperm will be greatly reduced.
Usually, the parts of the male reproductive system that are prone to infection include the prostate, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, epididymis, etc. Male friends who want children should usually do their personal hygiene, especially when they have sex, they should pay attention to cleanliness, and resolutely stop extramarital sexual intercourse. So, reproductive system infections cause hypospermia.
2. Abnormal semen
The semen abnormalities are mainly manifested in viscosity. Semen that is too thick or cannot liquefy at all has a great impact on fertility. Semen liquefaction is like opening a fence that has been imprisoned for a long time, and all the sperm are full of energy to sprint. The higher the concentration of semen, the more difficult it is to liquefy, and the time that the sperm will be bound will be correspondingly prolonged, and the motility will slowly decrease within this drop of time. This will cause hypospermia.
3. Causes of immunity
Anti-sperm antibodies are a pathogenic factor of immune infertility for which the cause is not yet fully understood, and both men and women may suffer from it. Under normal circumstances, a man’s own sperm cannot directly contact the autoimmune system, but due to some inflammation or other reasons, the sperm may deviate from the original trajectory or contact the body’s immune system to induce antibody production.
4. Endocrine factors
Some researchers have discovered that the endocrine system can not only affect the production and development of sperm but also affect its vitality and that affects to cause of hypospermia. Excessive secretion of testosterone in men will reduce sperm motility. In addition, prolactin in women can also affect sperm migration in the body in different ways.
5. Congenital causes
Some patients have a congenital lack of fibrous hair structure, and various cilia cells in the body cannot move. The outstanding performance is that the sperm cannot advance. Such patients have a higher chance of suffering from chronic respiratory infections.
6. Chromosomal abnormalities
In addition to the reasons mentioned above, there are other factors that also affect sperm motility and other hands of hypospermia. For example, trace elements such as zinc, iron, and magnesium are closely related to the quality of sperm, and too high a content of cadmium in semen can cause sperm to lack motility. For another example, bad habits such as staying up late, smoking, drinking, or bad environments such as high temperature and high radiation will reduce sperm motility. To sum up all the reasons and some unexplained low vitality conditions, we collectively call them asthenospermia.
Is Hypospermia serious and what can you expect?
Sperm quantity is almost never related to fertility. Hypospermia can contain as many sperm. As a rule, this is a transient problem. If it is a side effect of a drug, the semen volume will increase again after stopping it. However, in the case of diabetes mellitus or after prostate surgery, it can be permanent.
When to go to the doctor?
In the following situations it is advisable to see your doctor:
- if you always have too little or no semen during ejaculation
- if it is possibly a side effect of a drug
- if you have diabetes mellitus
- if you have had surgery on your prostate
- if you are unsure about the fertility of your sperm
The doctor will ask you a number of questions about Hypospermia and perform a physical examination. With this, he tries to find out what the cause is. The doctor can also have the sperm tested for fertility. If he considers it necessary, the doctor can refer you to a urologist.
See also, Contraception of definitive methods
How to increase sperm count
The most fundamental principle of treating Hypospermia is to prescribe the right medicine. Each patient has different physical conditions, different degrees of Hypospermia, and different causes of disease. Therefore, the treatment plan for Hypospermia cannot be the same. Only by finding the crux and precise strikes can the treatment effect reach the best.
1. Western medicine treatment for Hypospermia
(1) Oral drugs. Mainly take some ATP preparations, vitamin tablets, trace element preparations or other forms of drugs and so on. While taking western medicine, patients should get rid of bad habits in life, arrange their daily routines reasonably, cooperate with various treatment plans formulated by doctors, and check regularly.
(2) Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. Start directly from inflammation to control infections in the reproductive system. However, there are certain risks in the use of antibiotics. A larger dosage or too long time may actually weaken sperm motility even more.
(3) Hormone conditioning. According to the patient’s condition, different hormone types are selected for muscle registration, which can increase sperm motility.
(4) Get pregnant with high-tech means. For example, IVF or in vivo artificial insemination, etc., according to the comprehensive consideration of the patient’s sperm status and economic conditions, the final operation method is determined.
See also, Pregnancy and medicine use
2. Chinese medicine treatment for Hypospermia
Traditional Chinese medicine focuses on internal conditioning and treats Hypospermia from three aspects: kidney nourishment, blood circulation, and heat dissipation. Commonly used medicinal materials include wolfberry, double kidney, etc. The doctor will prepare different medicinal materials according to the condition.
3. How to increase sperm count by food
A diet that uses pure natural animals, plants, fruits, and vegetables as ingredients is very helpful for regulating hypospermia. The purpose of diet conditioning is to supplement high-quality protein, reasonable intake of vitamins, and pay attention to supplementing trace elements. These three points have a greater impact on sperm motility. Here are some recommended ingredients for your reference when cooking:
- (1) Meat: donkey meat, quail, lean pork, shrimp, etc.
- (2) Seafood: oysters, oysters, cuttlefish, sea mussels, clams, jellyfish skins, etc.
- (3) Fish: salmon.
- (4) Vegetables: beets, lentils, lentils, soybeans, pumpkins, etc.
- (5) Grain: millet, corn, wheat, buckwheat, etc.
- (6) Others: red wine, chocolate, caviar, etc.
See also, Birth control
How to increase sperm volume yourself?
The amount of sperm can vary greatly from time to time. This is normal. You don’t have to worry about that. During sex or while masturbating you can try to delay the orgasm. This can increase semen volume and gather huge load. In addition to that, you have to follow the following instructions,
1. Stay away from chemical elements.
From the usual eating, wearing, and use, to the working environment, living environment, etc., male friends should try to avoid contact with some chemical elements. For example, reduce hair color and perm, eat less canned food or pickled food. It is important to remind male compatriots that clothes from dry cleaners should be worn every few days. Many men like to send more formal clothes such as suits to dry cleaners, but dry cleaners can cause sexual dysfunction.
2. Maintain good living habits.
Don’t stay up late to play games, don’t be picky eaters, don’t smoke or drink alcohol, do more exercise and take a break, and develop good habits, so that the quality of sperm will be higher. In addition, usually, clean the reproductive organs frequently and pay attention to personal hygiene. That will helps to avoid hypospermia.
3. Quit unhealthy sex life.
Do not have sexual relations with people other than your wife, avoid difficult sexually transmitted diseases due to improper sex life, let alone infect your spouse. This is not only related to the reproductive health of men but also reflects a responsibility to the wife and the family.
4. Try not to stay in a noisy environment for too long.
Noise exceeding 70 decibels will gradually weaken men’s sexual function, if it exceeds 90 decibels, men living in it will have sexual dysfunction and hypospermia.
5. Pay attention to your own situation.
If you find any abnormalities in the external genitalia, go to the hospital for correction, especially the testicles.
See also, Prostate enlargement
6. Don’t go to the steam bath often.
High-temperature environments such as saunas and steam rooms can cause direct damage to sperm, and long-term steam baths greatly affect sexual function and finally hypospermia.
7. Don’t masturbate frequently.
Masturbation is one of the causes of aseptic prostatitis, which has a significant impact on the quality of sperm. If you don’t quit, you may be infertile. So you have to understand how many times a man can release the sperm in a day.
8. Don’t have too much mental pressure.
Pregnancy has to go with the flow. Even in good physical conditions, excessive mental stress can easily lead to infertility. Trust doctors and technology, and don’t put too much psychological burden on yourself.
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